TABLE 5.

Multivariate-Adjusted Predictors of Parent Expectations for Antibiotics and Physician Perceptions of Parent Expectations for Antibiotics

Predictor VariableChange in Probability of Parent Expecting Antibiotics95% CIChange in Probability that Physician Perceives an Expectation for Antibiotics95% CI
Child or parent complains that child has ear pain16.0%*5.3%, 26.7%18.4%*9.7%, 27.1%
Child sick for <2 days6.5%−2.7%, 15.7%9.3%−0.6%, 19.2%
Child has a history of chronic illness (eg, asthma)−7.7%−16.8%, 1.4%−7.3%*−15%, −0.2%
Parent very worried about child's current illness14.7%*5.6%, 23.8%8.6%*2.1%, 15.1%
Parent is Latino16.5%*5.8%, 27.2%1.6%−12%, 15.2%
Parent is African American7.4%−7.5%, 22.3%4.2%−11.7%, 20.1%
Parent is Asian16.6%*2.3%, 30.9%21.9%*2.5%, 41.3%
Parent has known physician for <1 y4.0%−4.3%, 12.3%2.0%−8.4%, 12.4%
Physician is male−7.8%−18.6%, 3.0%38.8%*0.01%, 77.5%
Physician age (<40, 40–65, >65 y)−4.3%−12.7%, 4.1%−13.6%−35.6%, 8.4%
  • * P < .05 for increase or decrease in probability of the outcome.

  • Relative to non-Hispanic white parents.