TABLE 4.

Variation in Expectations, Perceptions, Expectation/Perception Correlations, Diagnosis, and Prescribing by Parent/Physician Racial/Ethnic Concordance

Concordant Race/Ethnicity?Parent Race/Ethnicity
WhiteLatinoAsianAfrican American
YesNoYesNoYesNoYesNo
n111 (76%)35 (24%)68 (23%)222 (77%)23 (53%)20 (47%)17 (27%)47 (73%)
Parents expecting antibiotics48%63%82%79%74%75%65%68%
Parents perceived as expecting antibiotics by physician31%23%29%37%52%55%47%47%
Correlation between expectations and perceptions (95% CI)−0.01* (−0.19, 0.17)−0.14 (−0.47, 0.18)0.21 (−0.02, 0.45)0.06 (−0.07, 0.19)0.22 (−0.18, 0.63)−0.06 (−0.49, 0.38)−0.04 (−0.52, 0.43)0.37 (0.08, 0.65)
Bacterial diagnosis rate (for children)45%22%52%41%35%§42%§14%47%
Antibiotic-prescribing rate (for children)39%31%50%40%39%40%29%38%
  • * φ coefficient (dichotomous correlation between parent expectations and physician perceptions of parent expectations).

  • Significant correlation between parent expectations and physician perceptions (P < .05).

  • P < .05, comparing concordant to discordant physician-parent pairs.

  • § .1 > P > .05, comparing concordant to discordant physician-parent pairs.