TABLE 1.

Crash and Vehicle Occupant Characteristics by Restraint Type

FFCSS (N = 28)*SBS (N = 14)*P Value
Median vehicle model year1992 (1984–2002)1993 (1984–2000).65
Mean Δ V, mph24.4 ± 9.025.4 ± 12.6.80
Crash type
 Front impact, %60.728.6.13
 Side impact, %28.657.1.13
 Other, %10.714.3.13
Passenger compartment intrusion, %57.164.3.75
Mean no. of passengers3.1 ± 1.03.5 ± 1.2.33
Mean driver age, y30.0 ± 9.235.4 ± 15.2.20
Driver restrained, %89.3100.0.54
Driver fatality, %3.67.11.00
Any passenger fatality, %10.70.0.54
  • * Number of crashes (number of FFCSS cases = 30; number of SBS cases = 16).

  • 66.7% of SBS cases seated on near side of impact versus 60% of FFCSS cases.