TABLE 1.

Categories of Sports Eye-Injury Risk to the Unprotected Player*

High RiskModerate RiskLow RiskEye Safe
Small, fast projectilesTennisSwimmingTrack and field
 Air rifleBadmintonDivingGymnastics
 BB gunSoccerSkiing (snow and water)
 PaintballVolleyballNoncontact martial arts
Hard projectiles, “sticks,” close contactWater poloWrestling
 BasketballFootballBicycling
  Baseball/softballFishing
 CricketGolf
 Lacrosse (men’s and women’s)
 Hockey (field and ice)
 Squash
 Racquetball
 Fencing
Intentional injury
 Boxing
 Full-contact martial arts
  • * Vinger PF. A practical guide for sports eye protection. Phys Sports Med.2000;28(6). Available at: http://www.physsportsmed.com/issues/2000/06_00/vinger.htm

  • Javelin and discus have a small but definite potential for injury. However, good field supervision can reduce the extremely low risk of injury to near-negligible.