TABLE 3.

Demographic Characteristics of CSHCN Versus All Other Children at SCHIP Enrollment

New YorkFloridaKansasIndiana
CSHCNOtherCSHCNOtherCSHCNOtherCSHCN
Child age group
 0–2 years13.0%21.3%*NA4.5%18.0%***7.9%
 3–5 years11.5%19.1%*NA16.2%15.6%10.5%
 6–11 years45.2%31.6%NA44.7%37.9%47.4%
 12–18 years30.3%28.1%100.0%100.0%34.6%28.6%34.2%
Gender:
 Male44.1%49.6%55.8%49.0%*60.8%49.2%*65.8%
Race and ethnicity
 White (non-Hispanic)29.4%23.7%62.8%54.1%71.8%63.5%77.6%
 Black (non-Hispanic)29.6%30.8%13.5%16.3%8.5%12.6%10.5%
 Hispanic41.0%45.5%22.2%26.6%10.0%16.7%*6.6%
 OtherNA1.5%3.1%9.7%7.2%5.3%
Single-parent household60.1%49.1%48.6%41.5%*50.5%42.6%47.3%
Household size:
 Mean4.14.33.83.93.84.0NA
 Standard error0.160.080.080.030.20.1
Family incomeNA
 ≤150% FPL76.3%79.3%63.0%65.4%72.7%66.0%
 >150% FPL23.7%20.7%37.0%34.6%27.3%34.0%
Residence
 Metropolitan91.8%92.9%92.6%91.8%42.7%43.7%61.8%
 Large town2.3%2.4%5.9%7.1%35.9%28.7%22.4%
 Small town/rural5.9%4.7%1.5%1.2%21.4%27.5%15.8%
Highest grade completed
 <High school28.0%27.3%14.6%14.7%3.6%7.1%11.8%
 High school grad or GED30.9%39.0%34.8%38.7%59.2%57.3%39.5%
 Technical/vocational0.5%0.6%5.2%4.0%NANANA
 Some college28.0%21.0%24.1%22.8%25.3%20.9%35.5%
 College graduate and higher12.7%12.1%21.3%19.8%11.8%14.7%13.2%
Employment status
 Working full-time 35+ hours31.5%42.8%50.9%53.1%51.3%43.4%27.6%
 Working part-time <35 hours25.7%20.9%13.2%12.1%14.1%16.2%19.7%
 Staying at home32.6%29.3%23.0%25.1%NANA27.6%
 Going to school0.6%4.5%***1.6%1.8%NANA3.9%
 Other9.6%2.6%***11.3%7.9%*6.6%31.7%21.2%
 Not working25.6%18.3%25.6%18.3%28.0%31.7%NA
Second parent working26.0%33.0%32.3%41.938.1%47.8%NA
Child’s health status
 Excellent or very good33.0%46.9%*54.1%77.2%***41.5%82.8%***42.1%
 Good49.1%43.4%31.8%18.9%***39.2%13.1%***36.8%
 Fair17.2%9.3%11.9%3.5%***15.3%3.9%***15.8%
 Poor0.7%0.4%2.1%0.27%***4.0%0.23%*5.3%
Worry about child’s health
 None26.9%38.9%35.5%68.8%***NA31.5%
 Little29.2%24.7%24.2%18.3%*26.0%
 Some19.4%12.9%15.6%6.9%***12.3%
 Quite a bit11.4%12.3%12.8%3.4%***9.6%
 A lot19.8%20.3%11.9%2.6%***20.6%
Child less healthy than others21.9%8.0%**19.8%8.4%NA42.5%
  • NA indicates not applicable.

    Significance testing is for CSHCN vs. others within the same state (

  • * P ≤ .05

  • ** P ≤ .01

  • *** P ≤ .001).

  • Florida sampled adolescents only; the Kansas adolescent age range included 12–17 years.

  • Maximum education (respondent or parent/head of household)

  • § Maximum employment in household (respondent or parent/head of household)