TABLE 4.

Unadjusted Health Care Expenditures for Children With Emotional and Disruptive Behavioral Disorders

Service CategoryEmotional*, Weighted % = 2.1, Mean ($) (95% CI)Disruptive, Weighted % = 4.5, Mean ($) (95% CI)P Value for Difference Between Emotional and Disruptive
Office-based visits542 (201, 883)443 (318, 568).59
Outpatient hospital visits81 (14, 148)68 (10, 127).78
Emergency department visits165 (36, 294)154 (36, 271).90
Inpatient discharges664 (177, 1151)43 (−12, 98).01
Pharmacy fills154 (87, 222)307 (243, 372).001
Total2237 (1426, 3050)1167 (903, 1430).01
  • Children 2 to 18 years old were weighted to reflect the complex sampling scheme.

  • * Emotional disorders were based on ICD-9 codes for affective psychoses, anxiety, and depression.

  • Disruptive disorders were based on ICD-9 codes for oppositional defiance, conduct, and ADHD.