TABLE 3.

Adjusted Expenditures for Children With Behavioral Disorders, Physical Conditions, or Controls

Category of Service*Behavioral, Weighted % = 6.6, Mean ($) (95% CI)Physical, Weighted % = 7.2, Mean ($) (95% CI)Controls, Weighted % = 85.7, Mean ($) (95% CI)
Office-based visits
  Non-logged410 (146, 672)250 (61, 437)126 (27, 224)
  Logged180 (107, 302)143 (89, 233)96 (70, 132)
Outpatient hospital visits
  Non-logged974 (−764, 2712)2239 (−747, 5224)1437 (147, 2726)
  Logged483 (59, 3984)1153 (170, 7943)846 (209, 3429)
Emergency department visits
  Non-logged825 (−461, 2111)345 (−621, 1811)512 (−263, 1287)
  Logged191 (64, 562)97 (37, 250)104 (51, 209)
Inpatient stays
  Non-logged19 029 (−5417, 43476)16382 (−6975, 39 739)20894 (1068, 40 720)
  Logged8955 (1107, 73130)4537 (−8882, 44 033)9045 (1826, 45 251)
Pharmacy fills
  Non-logged361 (72, 648)251 (−26, 528)154 (−73, 380)
  Logged113 (57, 219)80 (44, 151)31 (20, 49)
Total expenditures
  Non-logged1492 (297, 2688)1245 (106, 2386)834 (11, 1658)
  Logged308 (125, 757)279 (119, 652)109 (60, 196)
  • Children 2 to 18 years old were weighted to reflect the complex sampling scheme.

  • * Models compare children with behavioral disorders or children with physical disorders to control children. Models were restricted to those with positive expenditures in a category of service except for total expenditures. Models were adjusted for age, race, sex, poverty, insurance, family size, and other chronic physical comorbidites.

  • Behavioral disorders were based on ICD-9 diagnoses for affective psychoses, anxiety, depression, oppositional defiance, conduct, ADHD, and miscellaneous disorders.

  • Physical conditions were based on ICD-9 diagnoses for asthma, diabetes, and epilepsy.