TABLE 2.

Unadjusted Health Services Expenditures by Children With Behavioral Disorders, Physical Conditions, and Controls

Service CategoryBehavioral*, Weighted % = 6.6, Mean ($) (95% CI)Physical, Weighted % = 7.2, Mean ($) (95% CI)P Value for Difference Between Behavioral and PhysicalControls, Weighted % = 85.7, Mean ($) (95% CI)P Value for Difference Between Behavioral or Physical and Controls
Office-based visits425 (295, 555)236 (182, 290).01171 (150, 191).03
Outpatient hospital visits53 (24, 82)173 (0, 385).2750 (35, 66).25
Emergency department visits155 (63, 247)61 (41, 81).0467 (30, 105).08
Inpatient stays233 (67, 399)214 (61, 367).85157 (65, 249).43
Pharmacy fills235 (185, 286)156 (125, 186).00749 (30, 67).001
Total1468 (1120, 1816)1071 (744, 1397).09710 (573, 848).04
  • Children ages 2 to 18 years were weighted to reflect complex sampling scheme.

  • * Behavioral disorders were based on ICD-9 diagnoses for affective psychoses, anxiety, depression, oppositional defiance, conduct, ADHD, and miscellaneous disorders.

  • Physical conditions were based on ICD-9 diagnoses for asthma, diabetes, and epilepsy.