TABLE 2.

Impact of Poverty on the Physical Health of Children*

IndicatorChildren Who Are PoorChildren Who Are Not PoorRatio Poor/Nonpoor
In fair or poor health11.7%6.5%1.8
In excellent health37.4%55.2%0.7
Days spent in bed in past year5.33.81.4
Number of short-stay hospital episodes/year/1000 children81.341.22.0
Deaths during 0 to 14 years of age1.2%0.8%1.5
% with blood lead levels ≥10 μ/dL16.3%4.7%3.5
  • * Adapted from Dawson.14

  • Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III), 1988–1991