TABLE 2.

Federal and State Survey of Informed Consent Provisions

LocationMedical TreatmentMedical Testing
In GeneralImmunizationsAbortion- MinorDrug/ AlcoholElectroconvulsive/ ElectroshockEmergencyAIDS/ HIVBlood Testing for AIDS/HIVBlood Testing and Vehicle OperationContagious DiseaseExperiment/ ResearchGenetic
FederalXXXX
Alabama**XXXX
AlaskaXXXXXX
Arizona*XXXXXX
Arkansas*XXXX
CaliforniaXXXXXXXXXXX
ColoradoRXXXXXXX
ConnecticutXXXXXX
DelawareXXXXXXXX
District of ColumbiaXX
FloridaXXXXXXXXXX
GeorgiaXXXXXXX
HawaiiXXXX
IdahoX**XXXX
IllinoisXXXXXXX
IndianaXXXXXX
IowaXXXXX
KansasXXXXX
KentuckyXXXXXX
LouisianaXXXXX
MaineXXXX
MarylandXXXXXX
Massachusetts**XX
MichiganXXXXX
MinnesotaXXX
MississippiXXX
MissouriXXXX
MontanaXXXXX
NebraskaXXXXX
NevadaXXX
New HampshireXXXXXXXX
New JerseyXXXX
New MexicoXX
New YorkXXXXXXX
North CarolinaX**XXXXX
North Dakota**XXXXX
OhioXXXXX
OklahomaXXXX
OregonX**XX
PennsylvaniaXXXXXX
Rhode IslandXXXXXX
South CarolinaXXX
South Dakota**X
TennesseeXXXXXX
TexasXXXXXXX
UtahXXXXX
VermontXXXXXX
VirginiaXNXX
WashingtonXXXXX
West VirginiaXXX
WisconsinXXXXXXX
WyomingXX
  • X = informed consent required by law, R = requirement repealed,

  • * = unemancipated minor may consent;

  • ** = age at which minors may self-consent for immunization services is 15 years and under; N = no requirement.

  • This table attempts to summarize various federal and state laws into general categories for educational purposes. It is not intended as a substitute for legal advice.

    Sources: Gordon T, Zook E, Averhoff F, Williams W. Consent for adolescent vaccination: issues and current practices. J Sch Health. 1997;67:259–264; and American Medical Association. Medicolegal Forms with Legal Analysis: Documenting Issues in the Patient-Physician Relationship. Kinderman K, ed. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 1999:109–110