TABLE 5.

Adjusted Odds Ratios and 95% CI for Any Use of Health-Related Services (Assistive Devices, Transportation, and Housing Modifications) by CSHCN, Ages 5 to 17

CharacteristicsAssistive DevicesTransportationHousing Modifications
Odds Ratio95% CIOdds Ratio95% CIOdds Ratio95% CI
Predisposing
 Sex
  Male*1.001.001.00
  Female1.130.93–1.380.560.34–0.911.020.84–1.25
 Age
  5–11 y*1.001.001.00
  12–17 y1.31§1.08–1.591.150.74–1.801.371.12–1.67
 Race/ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white*1.001.001.00
  Non-Hispanic black1.090.80–1.491.070.58–1.970.670.49–0.91
  Hispanic1.070.76–1.521.630.85–3.120.860.61–1.21
 Parental education
  Less than high school0.550.37–0.820.390.18–0.850.950.64–1.39
  High school0.640.50–0.830.790.43–1.440.790.60–1.03
  Some college0.830.64–1.080.620.34–1.110.910.70–1.18
  College*1.001.001.00
 Family size
  <5*1.001.001.00
  ≥50.840.68–1.041.420.92–2.201.080.88–1.33
 Family structure
  Two-parent*1.001.001.00
  Single parent0.770.59–1.000.870.52–1.451.090.85–1.40
  Other0.700.38–1.271.790.78–4.100.570.29–1.12
Enabling
 Poverty status
  Above*1.001.001.00
  At or below0.890.66–1.220.590.33–1.050.810.59–1.12
 Type of health insurance
  Private only*1.001.001.00
  Public only0.780.57–1.073.59§2.04–6.321.391.01–1.92
  Private and public1.440.90–2.314.64§2.19–9.831.681.07–2.65
  Uninsured0.600.42–0.850.940.43–2.021.300.93–1.82
Need
 Self-reported health status
  Excellent*1.001.001.00
  Very good/good2.98§2.34–3.791.140.68–1.891.050.85–1.31
  Fair/poor5.46§3.85–7.721.120.54–2.331.120.77–1.61
 Activity limitations
  None*1.001.001.00
  Limited in major or other1.301.06–1.594.72§2.77–8.051.090.89–1.34
  Unable to perform major2.39§1.47–3.917.19§2.92–17.671.711.04–2.82
  • * Reference group.

  • P < .05.

  • P < .01.

  • § P < .001.