TABLE 3.

Adjusted Odds Ratios and 95% CI for Any Use of Medical Services by CSHCN, Ages 5 to 17

CharacteristicsPhysician VisitHospitalizationEmergency Department VisitMH/SA Outpatient Visit
Odds Ratio95% CIOdds Ratio95% CIOdds Ratio95% CIOdds Ratio95% CI
Predisposing
 Sex
  Male*1.001.001.001.00
  Female1.090.84–1.411.390.99–1.931.010.84–1.230.720.55–0.94
 Age
  5–11 y*1.001.001.001.00
  12–17 y0.870.67–1.130.960.68–1.351.281.05–1.551.50§1.15–1.96
 Race/ethnicity
  Non-Hispanic white*1.001.001.001.00
  Non-Hispanic black0.700.48–1.021.350.85–2.141.160.87–1.550.28§0.16–0.48
  Hispanic0.900.59–1.381.080.60–1.950.910.65–1.280.480.30–0.78
 Parental education
  Less than high school0.390.25–0.640.320.15–0.681.080.74–1.580.550.33–0.93
  High school0.700.48–1.000.810.52–1.271.210.93–1.580.830.58–1.19
  Some college0.890.60–1.320.730.46–1.161.361.04–1.771.040.73–1.49
  College*1.001.001.001.00
 Family size
  <5*1.001.001.001.00
  ≥50.740.57–0.960.810.55–1.170.930.76–1.141.080.80–1.46
 Family structure
  Two-parent*1.001.001.001.00
  Single parent1.150.81–1.621.440.95–2.181.060.82–1.371.531.05–2.21
  Other1.270.56–2.911.330.61–2.901.190.69–2.032.051.12–3.77
Enabling
 Poverty status
  Above*1.001.001.001.00
  At or below0.780.54–1.141.090.67–1.770.830.62–1.100.970.65–1.44
 Type of health insurance
  Private only*1.001.001.001.00
  Public only0.990.65–1.531.130.70–1.831.65§1.23–2.203.70§2.51–5.47
  Private and public1.210.60–2.452.211.23–3.961.801.16–2.784.58§2.78–7.57
  None0.570.38–0.841.600.96–2.671.000.73–1.371.300.82–2.07
Need
 Self-reported health status
  Excellent*1.001.001.001.00
  Very good/good2.26§1.73–2.952.69§1.61–4.511.090.89–1.351.220.90–1.64
  Fair/poor4.98§2.61–9.538.35§4.71–14.792.10§1.53–2.901.330.82–2.14
 Activity limitations
  None*1.001.001.001.00
  Limited in major or other0.940.71–1.241.461.02–2.101.291.05–1.570.990.74–1.31
  Unable to perform major1.360.60–3.083.57§1.96–6.501.651.01–2.691.320.70–2.46
  • CI indicates confidence interval.

  • * Reference group.

  • P < .05.

  • P < .01.

  • § P < .001.