TABLE 1.

Medication Errors and ADEs Before and After the Introduction of CPOE on Pediatric Inpatient Units

Pre-CPOE InterventionPre-CPOE ControlPost-CPOE InterventionPost-CPOE Control
Total inpatients667411944578611699
Total inpatient days38578506593828651660
Average patient age (y)5.56.76.07.0
Gender: % female45414741
Medication error type (%)
 Prescribing7 (4)6 (3)4 (3)7 (3)
 Transcription26 (15)44 (18)35 (29)46 (17)
 Dispensing3 (2)16 (7)1 (1)5 (2)
 Administration137 (79)177 (73)80 (67)210 (78)
Total medication errors173243120268
ADEs6912
Potential ADEs51063
MER/1000 patient days4.484.803.135.19