TABLE 2.

Characteristics of Youth and Families

Total Sample (N = 2028)Positive Score (N = 451)Negative Score (N = 1577)
Female, %4743*49
Mean age, y10.610.910.5
Race/ethnicity, %
 White8581*86
 Black796
 Asian232
 Hispanic222
 American Indian111
 Other or mixed race343
Live with both biological parents, %7463§77
Household member receives welfare, %510§4
Guardian completing screen, %
 Mother858585
 Father131114
 Other**242
Reason for clinic visit, %
 Routine/well-care4639§48
 Illness-related465344
 Injury888
  • * P < .05 compared with youth with a negative score by χ2 test.

  • P < .01 compared with youth with a negative score by t test.

  • Non-Hispanic.

  • § P < .001 compared with youth with a negative score by χ2 test.

  • ** Other guardians completing screen include grandmother, uncle, and sister.