TABLE 7.

Suggested Approach to HIV (PEP) on the Basis of Characteristics of the Exposed Patient*

Characteristics of Exposed PatientSuggested Approach
Exposure >72 h ago; orNo PEP
Exposed person refuses PEP; or
Exposed person unwilling or unable to commit to 28 d of therapy and appropriate follow-up.
Exposure ≤72 h ago; orConsider PEP in appropriate exposure setting (Tables 6 and 8)
Exposed person voluntarily accepts PEP; or
Exposed person commits to 28 d of therapy and appropriate follow-up.
  • * Animal data suggest PEP started later than 72 hours after exposure is less effective in preventing infection.6466