TABLE 1.

Demographic and Chronic Asthma Characteristics of US Children With Acute Asthma, According to Race/Ethnicity

Black (n = 679)Hispanic (n = 256)White (n = 160)P Value
Demographic factors
 Age (y); mean ± SD)7.7 ± 4.07.9 ± 4.2.28
 Female (%)384345.15
 High school graduate (%)*765178<.001
 Estimated household income (median [IQR])27 527 (21 520–35 671)24 661 (17 366–32 707)38 286 (31 557–45 904)<.001
 Insurance status (%)<.001
  Private422656
  Medicaid363217
  Other public82215
  None132112
 PCP status (%)919093.51
Chronic asthma factors
 Ever taken steroid medicine for asthma (%)737374.92
 Ever hospitalized for asthma (%)636446<.001
 Ever intubated for asthma (%)474.26
 Hay fever (%)424149.21
 Current smoker (%)71114.44
 Inhaled β-agonist during past 4 weeks (%)737771.30
 Inhaled corticosteroids during past 4 weeks (%)191825.16
 Inhaled cromolyn during past 4 weeks (%)283326.20
 Other asthma medication during past 4 weeks (%)181617.75
 No. of ED visits in past year (median [IQR])2 (1–4)3 (1–5)1 (0–2)<.001
 No. of urgent clinic visits in past year (median [IQR])1 (0–3)2 (0–5)1 (0–3).03
 Owns a spacer (%)444746.66
 Owns a peak flow meter (%)3122334.007
 Has a written action plan (%)363333.59
 Admitted for asthma in past year (%)343114<.001
 ED usual site of care for asthma problems (%)696444<.001
 ED usual source of asthma prescriptions (%)363115<.001
  • SD indicates standard deviation; IQR, interquartile range.

  • * Parent/guardian’s education level.

  • Available for children ages 12–17.