TABLE 2.

Characteristics of Patients in the Definite Abuse and Not Definite Abuse Groups

Definite Abuse (n = 49)Not Definite Abuse (n = 114)
Demographics
 Male27 (55.1%)65 (57.0%)
 Mean (median) age (mo)6.0 (4)9.1 (5)
Presenting symptoms
 Vomiting23 (46.9%)23 (20.2%)*
 Apnea9 (18.4%)3 (2.6%)*
 Seizure17 (34.7%)5 (4.4%)*
 Lethargy25 (51.0%)23 (20.2%)*
Neuroradiologic findings
 Subdural hematoma43 (87.8%)57 (50.0%)*
 Subarachnoid hemorrhage9 (18.4%)29 (25.4%)
 Epidural hematoma2 (4.1%)31 (27.2%)*
 Parenchymal hemorrhage6 (12.2%)23 (20.2%)
Clinical neurologic status
 Initial neurologic abnormality32 (65.3%)28 (24.6%)*
 Persistent neurologic abnormality26 (53.1%)8 (7.0%)*
Disposition
 Home with original caregivers1 (2.0%)110 (96.5%)*
 Home with stipulation8 (16.3%)0*
 Foster care23 (46.9%)1 (0.9%)*
 Rehabilitation facility10 (20.4%)1 (0.9%)*
 Deceased4 (8.2%)2 (1.7%)
 Unknown3 (6.1%)0
  • * P ≤ .001.