TABLE 2.

Factors Associated With Breastfeeding Initiation and Continuation Before ROLOS Implementation (n = 8171 Mother-Infant Pairs)

Variable*Breastfeeding Initiation OR (95% CI)Continued Breastfeeding, Given Initiation OR (95% CI)
Maternal age (y)1.10§ (1.08–1.11)1.07§ (1.05–1.08)
Primiparous mother1.82§ (1.63–2.04)0.77§ (0.68–0.88)
Medicaid enrollment0.59§ (0.49–0.71)0.91 (0.71–1.17)
Low-income neighborhood0.80 (0.66–0.98)1.25 (0.97–1.60)
Low-education neighborhood0.74§ (0.64–0.86)0.87 (0.73–1.03)
Black race1.41§ (1.21–1.63)0.47§ (0.40–0.56)
Asian race0.81 (0.66–0.99)0.62§ (0.49–0.79)
Hispanic, non-black1.71§ (1.35–2.18)0.41§ (0.32–0.53)
  • OR indicates odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.

  • * The reference group for race/ethnicity is white; pairs of unknown or other race and pairs of unknown age, parity, or address were dropped.

  • ORs are from multivariate analyses.

  • P < .05.

  • § P < .0001.