TABLE 5.

Differences in Timing of Follow-up for Early-Discharged Newborns by Characteristics of Newborns

ORs for Untimely Follow-up* (n = 1248)
Unadjusted OR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)
Maternal age
 15–171.28 (0.65–2.53)0.71 (0.33–1.53)
 18–190.81 (0.51–1.30)0.49 (0.28–0.86)
 20–341.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 ≥350.96 (0.67–1.37)1.31 (0.87–1.95)
Maternal race/ethnicity
 African American2.06 (1.35–3.16)1.62 (1.00–2.63)
 Asian/Pacific Islander1.22 (0.75–1.98)0.85 (0.48–1.51)
 European American/Mid-Eastern1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Latina2.58 (1.97–3.38)1.47 (1.02–2.14)
 Native American/Other3.33 (1.16–9.52)2.74 (0.75–10.03)
Maternal income
 ≤ 100% FPL3.66 (2.49–5.38)1.89 (1.13–3.17)
 101%–200% FPL2.04 (1.39–3.01)1.26 (0.80–1.98)
 201%–300% FPL1.96 (1.23–3.11)1.78 (1.09–2.91)
 301%–400% FPL0.83 (0.49–1.41)0.78 (0.45–1.35)
 >400% FPL1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Missing data1.88 (1.18–2.98)1.06 (0.62–1.82)
Maternal education
 <High school2.11 (1.56–2.87)1.15 (0.78–1.70)
 ≥High school1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
Delivery insurance
 Any private1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Medicaid2.50 (1.91–3.28)1.73 (1.20–2.47)
 Uninsured3.02 (1.00–9.07)2.16 (0.70–6.72)
 Other0.73 (0.31–1.71)0.63 (0.26–1.53)
Initiation of prenatal care
 First trimester1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 After first trimester or not at all1.85 (1.30–2.62)1.39 (0.93–2.07)
Maternal marital status
 Married/living as married1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Unmarried/not living as married1.47 (1.07–2.03)1.15 (0.77–1.71)
Primary language at home
 English1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
 Non-English2.61 (1.98–3.43)1.72 (1.16–2.55)
Feeding
 Ever breastfed0.67 (0.46–0.97)0.86 (0.57–1.28)
 Formula only1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
Parity
 Primiparous0.86 (0.67–1.11)1.20 (0.88–1.62)
 Multiparous1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
Site of follow-up
 Home visit0.21 (0.14–0.31)0.16 (0.10–0.25)
 Office visit1.00 (ref)1.00 (ref)
  • ORs are based on weighted data. N represents unweighted sample size.

    Early discharge defined as <2 nights for vaginal delivery and <4 nights for cesarean section. Untimely follow-up defined as follow-up >2 days after discharge. Timely follow-up defined as within 2 days of discharge.

  • * Odds of untimely versus timely follow-up in each group relative to the odds in the reference group.

  • Adjusted for all variables listed.