TABLE 3

Cerebral Palsy and Cognitive Impairment (MPC <70) as a Function of Maternal, Pregnancy, and Neonatal Characteristics

CharacteristicCerebral PalsyMPC <70
%n/NP%n/NP
Maternal level of education
 University738/538.37629/476<.01a
 High school932/371825/321
 Middle school1070/71517103/595
 Primary school or no school1010/982418/76
Maternal age at birth of the infant, y
 <251039/377.451337/295.03a
 25–34996/110610100/963
 >34821/2761738/229
Parity
 Primiparous986/975.94978/833<.01a
 Multiparous970/7841599/656
Antenatal corticosteroid therapy
 Yes1044/434.331345/359.68
 No9112/130512130/1110
Preterm rupture of membranes
 Yes1065/653.241160/565.28
 No891/109612114/912
Maternal hemorrhage
 Yes919/211.94916/183.17
 No9138/155812161/1312
Spontaneous preterm labor
 Yes1259/498<.01a1351/400.49
 No895/125011123/1075
Type of pregnancy
 Singleton10116/1219.1612127/1033.42
 Multiple741/5501150/462
Gender of child
 Male1095/907.01a1397/762.28
 Female762/8621180/733
Gestational age, wk
 23–281463/436<.01a1968/365<.01a
 29–30940/4671042/410
 31–32654/866967/720
Small for gestational age
 Yes68/138.181517/113.27
 No9149/163112160/1382
Cranial ultrasound abnormalities
 Major or moderate2481/340<.01a2259/266<.01a
 Minor926/2751534/234
 No449/1135984/981