TABLE 2.

Subjective Sleepiness Evaluation (Modified ESS) in 5 Patients and Matched Control Subjects

QuestionPatientsControlsP
Sitting and reading1.6 ± 0.90.6 ± 0.6.07
Watching TV2.8 ± 0.41.8 ± 0.4*<.05
Sitting inactive in a public place1.8 ± 1.30.0 ± 0.0*<.05
As a passenger in a car2.8 ± 0.41.2 ± 0.8*<.05
Lying down to rest in the afternoon3.0 ± 0.01.4 ± 1.1*<.05
Sitting and talking to someone0.4 ± 0.90.0 ± 0.0.3
Sitting quietly after lunch2.0 ± 0.70.0 ± 0.0*<.05
During class at school0.8 ± 0.40.0 ± 0.0*<.05
Total score15.2 ± 2.85.0 ± 2.0*<.05
  • * In 6 of the 8 situations and in the total score, patients had significantly greater subjective sleepiness.