TABLE 2.

Maternal Characteristics of Cocaine- or Opiate-Exposed and Comparison Groups

Cocaine-ExposedOpiate-Exposed
Yes (N = 600; %)No (N = 788; %)PYes (N = 115; %)No (N = 1273; %)P
Race
 Black77.875.9.82850.479.1.000
 White14.716.540.913.5
 Hispanic6.46.46.16.4
 Other (non-Hispanic)1.21.32.61.1
Age
 18–2520.151.1.00024.338.9.000
 26–3566.440.549.651.9
 36–4913.58.426.19.2
Marital status
 Married10.625.7.00017.519.3.164
 Never married85.371.876.377.8
 Divorced/widowed4.22.46.12.9
Insurance
 Medicaid89.177.4.00082.682.4.494
 Self-pay5.73.92.64.9
 Private/HMO4.518.314.812.1
 Unknown.7.40.6
Education
 <12 y49.731.5.00039.839.3.480
 12 y34.343.835.440.1
 ≥13 y15.924.724.820.6
Prenatal care (any)77.495.8.00085.288.1.363
  • HMO indicates health maintenance organization.