TABLE 3.

Pediatric Residents’ Knowledge of Breastfeeding Benefits and Treatment for Common Problems (Percentage Providing Correct Information)

Before Intervention (N = 48) n (%)After Intervention (N = 48) n (%)P
Benefit
 Overall superior to formula40 (83)41 (85)NS
Decreased otitis media40 (83)46 (96).045
Decreased early allergic disease44 (92)44 (92)NS
Decreased gastroenteritis32 (67)40 (83)NS
Increased immune function47 (98)47 (98)NS
Decreased infant obesity17 (35)24 (50)NS
Decreased maternal cancer20 (42)39 (81)<.001
Problem
Maternal concern of low milk supply28 (58)37 (77).049
Breastfeeding jaundice35 (73)38 (79)NS
Sore nipples43 (90)46 (96)NS
Mastitis25 (52)39 (81).002
Breast abscess6 (13)14 (29).044
Mother with HIV45 (94)46 (96)NS
Mother with chronic hepatitis B2 (4)6 (13)NS
Infant teething44 (92)44 (92)NS
Infant with loose stools46 (96)48 (100)NS
Mother taking over-the-counter medicine27 (56)43 (90)<.001
Mother using cocaine41 (85)46 (96)NS
Use of early supplements18 (38)24 (50)NS
  • NS indicates not significant.