TABLE 2.

Determinants of Discharge Readiness

FactorsPercentage of Respondents Ranking Factor as “Important” or “Very Important”
All (n = 490)GenderAge
Men (n = 239)Women (n = 251)≤42 (n = 253)>42 (n = 237)
Infant factors
 Stable, normal vital signs including thermal homeostasis98979910096*
 Normal physical examination by practitioner9694989996*
 Uneventful postnatal hospital course9694989894
 Demonstration of successful feeding9695979993*
 Passage of urine9688939388
 Passage of stool9190939291
 Appropriate growth for gestational age8179838181
Maternal factors
 Adequacy of social support8682898982
 Age <18 y827786*8875*
 First-born child6258666659
 Other maternal responsibilities (eg, the need to care for other children)5655585855
 Single5452565652
 Low education5354535750
 Low income/lack of financial resources4641515141
Maternal-infant factors
 Adequacy of parent-infant interaction8784898985
 Demonstration of maternal skills or knowledge regarding routine infant care868190*9082
 Maternal fatigue and stress8380878779
Peripartum factors
 Suspected maternal illicit drug use during this pregnancy9593979794
 Lack of maternal complications during pregnancy, labor, delivery, postpartum8178848379
 Maternal knowledge or experience regarding breastfeeding8076848577
 Adequacy of prenatal care7976838276
 Attended prenatal childbirth/infant care classes during this/previous pregnancy3837383343
  • Values represent the percentage of respondents who ranked the factor as “important” or “very important” in response to the question, “Assuming that the final decision will be yours, how important to you are the following factors in your decision to discharge a healthy term newborn from the hospital?”

  • * P < .01.

  • P < .05.