TABLE 2.

Clinical and Radiographic Characteristics of Children Hospitalized With Uncomplicated Versus Complicated Pneumococcal Pneumonia

CharacteristicUncomplicated (n = 235)Complicated (n = 133)P Value
Age (mo; median, range)27 (0.067–311)45 (0.25–215).0080
White race85 (36%)77 (58%)<.0001
Underlying disease114 (48.5%)30 (22.6%)<.0001
Antibiotic usage before diagnosis30 (12.8%)25 (19%).12
Chest pain18 (7.7%)39 (29.3%)<.0001
Fever before diagnosis >3 d70 (31.4%)82 (65.1%)<.0001
Penicillin-resistant isolates22 (9.4%)15 (11.3%)NS
CXR findings
 ≥2 lobes87 (37%)86 (65%)<.0001
 Consolidation97 (41.3%)120 (90.2%)<.0001
Hospital duration (d; mean [median, range])6.45 (4, 1–45)17.70 (13, 1–176)<.0001
Defervescence >2 d53 (26.4%)111 (86.1%)<.0001
Oxygen requirement >2 d46 (52.3%)100 (88%)<.0001
  • NS indicates not significant.