TABLE 2.

From 1992 to 1998, the Proportion of Live Born Infants With Data on Physical Examinations and Test Results, and the Proportion of Those With Data Who Tested Positive (Shown in Italics), Categorized by Vital Status of the Infant at the Time the Case Reported Was Completed

Alive n = 13 676Died <28 Days n = 156Died ≥28 Days n = 14
Classic signs
  Physical examination, %12 981 (94.9)101 (64.7)11 (78.6)
  Classic signs present, %654 (5.0)38 (37.6)3 (27.3)
Radiographs
  Results reported, %6403 (46.8)21 (13.5)5 (35.7)
  Findings consistent with CS, %528 (8.2)12 (57.1)1 (20.0)
CSF VDRL
  Results reported, %8464 (61.9)19 (12.2)8 (57.1)
  Reactive Venereal Disease Research Laboratory, %887 (10.5)9 (47.4)3 (37.5)
CSF cell count/protein
  Results reported, %5514 (40.3)11 (7.1)6 (42.9)
  Increased cell count or protein, %3658 (66.3)9 (81.8)6 (100.0)
Radiograph or CSF VDRL
  Results reported, %9646 (70.5)33 (21.1)10 (71.4)
  Findings consistent with CS or reactive1237 (12.8)19 (57.6)3 (30.0)
Immunoglobulin M
  Results reported, %926 (6.8)4 (2.6)0 (0)
  Positive tests, %362 (39.1)2 (25.0)0 (0)
Darkfield
  Results reported, %64 (0.5)2 (1.3)0 (0)
  Positive tests, %19 (29.7)2 (100)0 (0)
  • Nine cases did not have a vital status recorded. Data were reported to CDC from 50 states and the District of Columbia on CS case report forms. Classic signs of CS include, for instance, condyloma lata, snuffles, and syphilitic skin rash (Form 73.126). It is recommended in the case reporting form (73.126) that CSF cell count and protein in a term or preterm infant be interpreted by the clinician.