TABLE 2.

National Reproductive Care Policies

VariableUnited StatesAustraliaCanadaUnited Kingdom
Insurance coverage for contraceptive services50% of private insurance covers; Medicaid covers all services18All contraceptive services*Physician services only17All contraceptive services
National abortion policies191973 Roe v Wade without restriction as to reasonNo national policy; varies between states.No national policy. All provinces permit without restriction191967 Abortion Act; requires permission from 2 physicians.
Percentage of abortions government funded14%20NAProvincial funding ranges from 0%–100%1774%
Maternity leave12 wks unpaid1 y unpaid15 wks paid plus 10 wks paid parental leave18 wks paid plus 13 wks unpaid
  • NA indicates not available.

  • * D. Wheen, Family Planning, Australia, written communication, July 28, 2000.

  • J. Roe, Abortion Law Reform Association, written communication, August 1, 2000.

  • S. B. Kamerman, Centennial Professor, School of Social Work, Columbia University, written communication, July 31, 2000.