TABLE 1

Patient Characteristics for Violently Injured ED Patients With and Without Gun Possession

Gun Possession, n = 159, 23.1%No Gun Possession, n = 530, 76.9%Total, n = 689
Demographics
 Age, mean (SD)19.9 (2.4)19.7 (2.7)19.8 (2.6)
 Male gendera113 (71.3)234 (44.2)347 (50.4)
 African Americanb85 (53.5)334 (63.0)419 (60.8)
 Public assistanceb101 (63.5)404 (76.2)505 (73.3)
Characteristics of ED presentation
 Conflict prompting presentation
  Nonpartner violence109 (68.6)350 (66.0)459 (66.6)
  Intimate partner violenceb23 (14.5)135 (25.5)158 (22.9)
 Injury Surveillance Score, mean (SD)3.0 (4.7)2.4 (3.5)2.6 (3.8)
 Threatened with gun todayb5 (3.4)2 (0.4)7 (1.1)
 Disposition from the ED (admitted)b37 (23.3)69 (13.2)106 (15.4)
Past 6-month substance use
 Binge drinkinga63 (39.6)144 (27.2)207 (30.0)
 Illicit drug usea106 (66.7)261 (49.3)367 (53.3)
Attitudes toward aggression
 Aggressive attitudes,b mean summary score (SD)2.6 (0.6)2.5 (0.5)2.5 (0.5)
Past 6-month experiences with violence
 Serious physical fightc136 (85.5)422 (79.6)558 (81.0)
 Caused injury requiring treatmenta73 (45.9)109 (20.6)182 (26.4)
 Any intimate partner violenceb120 (75.5)338 (63.8)458 (66.5)
Past 6-month experiences with firearm-related violenced
 Victim of assaultb91 (57.2)225 (42.5)316 (45.9)
 Victim of gun violencec34 (21.4)78 (14.7)112 (16.3)
 Victim of penetrating traumab49 (30.8)97 (18.3)146 (21.2)
 Threatened by guna93 (58.5)176 (33.2)269 (39.0)
 Pulled gun in fighta35 (22.0)5 (0.9)40 (5.8)
 Shot or stabbed another personb13 (8.2)13 (2.5)26 (3.8)
 Used gun in fight with dating partnera10 (6.3)4 (0.8)14 (2.0)
  • All values are n (%) unless noted otherwise.

  • a P < .001.

  • b P < 0.01.

  • c P < 0.05.

  • d Including current ED visit.