TABLE 3.

Comparison of Infants Whose Mothers Continued versus Discontinued Lactation by 40 Weeks’ CA

Lactation at 40 Weeks’ CA*P Value
Continued (n = 30)Discontinued (n = 57)
Birth data
 Birth weight (mean g ± SD)1072 ± 2351000 ± 259.20
 Gestational age (mean wk ± SD)28 ± 227 ± 2.43
 Gender (n, % male)19 (63)32 (56).68
 SGA (n, %)1 (3)6 (11).41
Neonatal morbidity
 Chronic lung disease (n, %)11 (37)23 (40).92
 Ventilator dependence (mean d ± SD)14 ± 1417 ± 17.37
 Apnea of prematurity (n, %)30 (100)53 (93).29
 Sepsis (n, %)6 (20)22 (39).13
 Necrotizing enterocolitis (n, %)0 (0)5 (9).16
 Abnormal cranial ultrasound§ (n, %)5 (17)11 (19).99
 Hospital stay (mean d ± SD)73 ± 2780 ± 32.31
  • * Postmenstrual plus postnatal age.

  • Defined as birth weight <2 SD for gestational age.35

  • Defined as oxygen dependence at 36 weeks’ CA.36

  • § Defined as grade 3 or 4 intraventricular hemorrhage, periventricular leukomalacia, and/or ventricular dilation at discharge.