TABLE 1.

Comparison of Maternal and Infant Descriptors by Maternal Feeding Choice

Intent to Breastfeed (n = 87)Intent to Formula Feed (n = 32)P Value
Maternal descriptors
 Age (mean y ± SD)28 ± 726 ± 8.19
 Race (n, % white)39(45)12 (38).61
 Marital status (n, % unmarried)41 (47)23 (72).03
 Education (n, % >HS)45 (52)8 (25).02
 Duncan score* (mean ± SD)35 ± 1525 ± 8<.001
 Have other child (n, %)42 (48)23 (72).04
 reastfed previous child? (n, %)24 (57)7 (30).07
Current obstetrical history (n, %)
 Inborn83 (95)31 (97)1.0
 Maternal transport23 (26)6 (19).53
 Preeclampsia11 (13)6 (19).39
 Antepartum hemorrhage10 (11)7 (22).23
 Prenatal steroids71 (82)25 (78).87
 Cesarean section44 (51)16 (50)1.0
Birth data
 Birth weight (mean g ± SD)1025 ± 2521140 ± 239.03
 Gestational age (mean w ± SD)27 ± 229 ± 2.01
 Gender (n, % male)51 (59)17 (53).74
 Apgar <6 at 5 min (n, %)11 (13)5 (16).76
 SGA (n, %)7 (8)2 (6)1.0
  • SD indicates standard deviation; HS, high school; SGA, small for gestational age.

  • * Duncan score is a socioeconomic index based on occupation.13

  • Defined as birth weight <2 SD for gestational age.35