TABLE 3.

Birth Events and Newborn Characteristics by Practice of Breastfeeding During Pregnancy

Breastfeeding Practice
BFP (n = 68)NBFP (n = 65)
Birth event
 Born in health facility54 (79.4)*50 (76.9)
 Prolonged labor (dystocia)7 (13.0)2 (4.0)
 Mother received medicine during labor18 (26.5)15 (23.1)
 Mother received medicine after birth51 (75.0)53 (81.5)
Newborn characteristics
 Female sex33 (48.5)32 (49.2)
 First weight (kg)§3.4 ± 0.43.4 ± 0.4
 First length (cm)§50.0 ± 1.750.0 ± 1.6
 Gestational age (wk)§39.6 ± 1.039.6 ± 1.1
 Time after birth started breastfeeding (h)1.7 ± 2.62.4 ± 6.0
 Did not receive liquids in first 24 h61 (89.7)61 (93.8)
  • * Data in this format indicate n (%).

  • P < .10.

  • Extracted from clinic records; reflects inadequate progress of cervical dilation and fetal descent, as defined by the World Health Organization’s partogram.15 All births at home were assumed to be normal.

  • § Samples for anthropometric and gestational age measurements were at least n = 59 BFP and 60 NBFP.

  • Data in this format indicate mean ± standard deviation.