TABLE 1.

Baseline Family Socioeconomic and Demographic Characteristics by Practice of Breastfeeding During Pregnancy (n = 133)

Breastfeeding Practice
BFP (n = 68)NBFP (n = 65)
N (%)N (%)
House characteristics and indicators of wealth
 Cement floor**41 (60.3)27 (41.5)
 Brick/cement wall*43 (63.2)31 (47.7)
 Electricity58 (85.3)55 (84.6)
 Daily food expenditures (S/.)13.3 ± 5.312.8 ± 4.5
Home environmental health
 Piped water***50 (73.5)32 (49.2)
 Sewage****43 (63.2)16 (24.6)
 Human fecal material visible on floor2 (2.9)7 (10.8)
 Family member smokes***33 (48.5)15 (23.1)
 Family member smokes in house18 (26.5)8 (12.3)
Family composition
 Number of members in home5.4 ± 2.75.0 ± 2.2
 Extended family27 (39.7)20 (30.8)
Paternal
 Lived with family**59 (86.8)64 (98.5)
 Completed primary school57 (83.8)60 (92.3)
 Had a stable income20 (29.4)28 (43.1)
  • Significant difference by breastfeeding practice:

  • * P < .10;

  • ** P < .05;

  • *** P < .01;

  • **** P < .001.

  • Peruvian currency (S/. = Nuevos Soles).

  • Mean ± standard deviation.