TABLE 2

Summary of the Results of Home-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Studies Conducted in High-Income Countries on Intermediate Outcomes

Study, DesignNIntervention TypeFollow-up, wkFruit and Vegetable IntakeEnergy Intake, kcalPASedentary Behavior
Epstein et al (16), RCT26D, PA52P = .12NSc
Fitzgibbon et al (18), RCT146D, PA52Vegetable intake: −0.18 servings/d (95% CI, −1.35 to 0.99)−26.3 (95% CI, −0.96 to 43.5)9 min/d MVPA (95% CI, −35.1 to 53.2)0.26 h/d screen timed (95% CI, −0.58 to 1.10)
Fruit intake: 0.28 servings/d (95% CI, −0.36 to 0.92)
French et al (17), RCT90aD, PA520.47 portions/d (P = .05)24.3 min/d MVPA (P = .39)0.11 h/d television viewing (P = .79)
Lappe et al (19), RCT59D104NScNSc
Patrick et al (20), RCT878D, PA52–(P = .49 for boys, P = .07 for girls)–(P = .17 for boys, P = .90 for girls)–(P = .001 for boys and girls)
Gentile et al (21), RCT1323D, PA61–(P < .05)–(P > .05)–(P > .05)
  • CI, confidence interval; D, diet; MVPA, moderate-to-vigorous PA; NR, not reported; NS, not significant; RCT, randomized controlled trial; —, results not reported.

  • a N = 90 households.

  • b 95% CI or P value not reported.

  • c Time spent watching television, DVDs, or videos; playing video games; or using a computer.