TABLE 2.

Comparison of Children With or Without Prolonged Hospital Stays

<1 Week(N = 8114)≥1 Week(N = 448)
n (%)n (%)
Age
 <2 y262 (3)49 (11)
 3–6 y449 (6)63 (14)
 7–10 y859 (11)77 (17)
 11–15 y2623 (32)137 (31)
 16–21 y3918 (48)162 (36)*
 Missing3 (0.04)
Gender
 Boy3621 (45)201 (45)
 Girl4493 (55)247 (55)
Race*
 White4102 (60)193 (48)
 Nonwhite2078 (31)187 (47)
 Missing551 (8)20 (5)
Insurance
 Medicaid2322 (29)175 (39)*
 Commercial4390 (54)182 (41)
 Self-pay852 (11)50 (11)
 Other528 (7)38 (8)
 Missing22 (0.3)3 (0.7)
Median zip code income
 0–$25 0002693 (33)183 (41)
 $25–30 0001761 (22)91 (20)
 $30–35 0001299 (15)71 (16)
 >$35 0001996 (25)85 (19)*
 Missing435 (5)18 (4)
Region
 Northeast1163 (14)99 (22)§
 Midwest1997 (25)128 (29)
 South3383 (42)159 (36)
 West1571 (19)62 (14)
Hospital status
 Rural1355 (17)44 (10)§
 Urban3188 (39)168 (38)
 Teaching urban3521 (43)236 (53)
 Missing50 (0.6)0
Length of hospital stay (median days [25th, 75th quartiles])2 (2,4)8 (7,10)
Hospital charges (median dollars [25th, 75th quartiles])$4303($2812, $6583)$11,928($7926, $18 618)
Died16 (0.2)1 (0.2)
  • * P < .0001, χ2 for trend.

  • States that do not include race were excluded (WA, OR, IL, GA).

  • P < .001, χ2.

  • § P < .05, χ2; P < .001 Mann-Whitney U test.