Table 4.

Daily Intake of Energy and Nutrients as Evaluated by a Food Frequency Questionnaire (Mean [SD])

Week 18Week 35
Cod Liver Oil
(n = 171)
Corn Oil
(n = 159)
Cod Liver Oil
(n = 137)
Corn Oil
(n = 134)
Energy (MJ)8.2 (2.0)8.2 (2.0)8.7 (2.3)8.6 (2.2)
Protein (g)76.7 (18.1)75.5 (17.7)76.5 (19.2)74.2 (17.9)
Fat (g)68.2 (20.2)67.6 (22.1)76.0 (26.4)76.8 (26.5)
Carbohydrate fiber (g)257 (69)258 (67)267 (75)263 (69)
Sugar (g)50.6 (37.4)53.5 (33.0)58.8 (39.5)61.0 (37.7)
Alcohol (g)1.7 (3.1)1.5 (3.0)0.6 (1.2)0.8 (1.9)
Fiber (g)20.4 (5.4)20.0 (6.2)20.2 (6.1)18.9 (5.5)
Cholesterol (mg)253 (76)250 (76)280 (85)241 (85)4-165
Saturates (g)27.2 (8.4)27.1 (9.5)28.3 (10.5)28.2 (10.8)
Monoenes (g)23.8 (7.2)23.7 (7.8)27.4 (8.7)26.2 (9.2)
Polyenes (g)12.1 (4.5)11.8 (4.7)14.4 (7.1)16.7 (6.1)**
 18:2 n-69.3 (3.8)9.1 (3.9)9.4 (6.1)14.2 (5.2)4-165
 18:3 n-31.3 (0.5)1.2 (0.5)1.3 (0.9)1.4 (0.7)
 20:4 n-60.1 (0.05)0.1 (0.04)0.1 (0.04)0.1 (0.03)4-165
 20:5 n-30.2 (0.2)0.2 (0.2)0.9 (0.09)0.1 (0.1)4-165
 22:5 n-30.05 (0.03)0.05 (0.03)0.2 (0.02)0.04 (0.02)**
 22:6 n-30.3 (0.3)0.3 (0.3)1.4 (0.1)0.2 (0.2)4-165
Retinol (eq mg)1.7 (0.9)1.6 (0.8)2.5 (0.9)2.4 (0.6)
β-Carotene (mg)3.4 (2.5)3.3 (2.1)3.6 (3.5)3.3 (2.2)
Tocopherol (mg)8.6 (3.8)9.5 (8.4)18.9 (1.7)19.0 (1.7)
Vitamin D (μg)8.4 (5.2)8.0 (6.8)13.2 (1.8)13.4 (1.8)
  • **   P < .01,

  • F4-165   P < .001 compared with values for the cod liver oil group.