Table 1.

Characteristics of Newborn Infants Receiving KMC and Traditional Care (Control) at Birth and at Eligibility

CharacteristicKMCControlPValue
Number%Number%
Weight at birth (g)
 ≤1200266.8226
 1201–150056155816NS
 1501–18001473812434
 1801–20001534016044
Female gender1975221058NS
Gestational age at birth (wk)
 ≤321373610930
 33–34112299726NS
 35–36832210629
 ≥3750135214
Multiple deliveries79215716NS
Weight at birth (g; mean ± SD)1705 ± 2611735 ± 256NS
Weight at eligibility (g; mean ± SD)1678 ± 2261715 ± 228.01
 ≤120082.182.2
 1201-150087237521NS
 1501–18001684414640
 >18001193113537
Gestational age at eligibility (wk)
 ≤3259154312
 33–341483912534NS
 35–361062812534
 ≥3769187120
Age at eligibility (d)
 ≤11363613738
 2–793248624NS
 8–271373612434
 ≥28164.2174.7
Infants never admitted to neonatal unit1323515542.05
Average age at eligibility (d)8.68.3NS
Weight at discharge (g)1685 ± 2161756 ± 190.01
  • SD indicates standard deviation; NS, not significant.