Table 1.

Demographic Characteristics by Alcohol Exposure Group

CharacteristicPrenatal AlcoholPValue
No
(n = 117)
Low
(n = 323)
Moderate/Heavy
(n = 66)
Child
 Age6.96.96.9NS
 Gender (% M)49.651.753.0NS
 Birth weight3124.03024.52699.8.000
 Gestational age38.638.937.7.002
 Current lead (μg/dL)4.84.76.0.007
 Performance IQ85.585.285.0NS
Mother
 Age23.226.028.1.000
 Education11.411.711.2.030
 Married (%)32.827.021.5NS
 Cigarettes (number/d)4.08.914.0.000
 Cocaine use (%)18.845.269.7.000
 Current alcohol (oz AA/d)0.040.40.5.000
 Current drugs (% use)0.01.54.5.061
Family
 Custody (biological mother)87.285.462.1.000
 Custody changes (% yes)16.521.135.4.011
 Father lives with child (%)28.421.515.4.108
 Father drinks (%)45.280.389.2.000
 Father uses drugs (%)21.737.744.6.002
 SES30.729.925.1.001
 HOME inventory32.831.828.9.012
 Violence exposure14.113.313.7NS
 Maternal depression16.117.217.2NS
 SCL-GSI0.50.50.5NS
  • P values from corresponding t or χ2 analyses. NS indicates not significant; AA, absolute alcohol; SCL-GSI, Symptom Checklist-Global Severity Index.