Table 1.

Low Birth Weight Rates by Quintile of Neonatal Intensive Care Capacity.

Quintile of Neonatalogist Capacity
High Capacity← Resource Levels →Low Capacity
Births per neonatologist8631339170723333718
Low birth weight rate7.7%7.5%7.1%7.4%7.1%
VLBW1.5%1.4%1.3%1.3%1.3%
Quintile of Neonatalogist and Mid-level Provider Capacity
High Capacity← Resource Levels →Low Capacity
Births per neonatal clinician32059182511821866
Low birth weight rate7.9%7.0%7.4%7.4%7.0%
VLBW rate1.5%1.3%1.4%1.4%1.2%
Quintile of Intensive Care Bed Capacity
High Capacity← Resource Levels →Low Capacity
Births per bed169246309426715
Low birth weight rate8.1%7.3%7.5%6.9%7.0%
VLBW rate1.5%1.4%1.4%1.3%1.3%
Quintile of Intensive and Intermediate Care Bed Capacity
High Capacity← Resource Levels →Low Capacity
Births per bed117169206255368
Low birth weight rate8.6%7.4%7.3%6.9%6.7%
VLBW rate1.7%1.4%1.4%1.2%1.2%
  • Each quintile has approximately 50 NICRs. Low birth weight is <2500 g; VLBW is <1500 g. High capacity refers to high level of resources (neonatologists or beds) per capita (newborns).