Table 4.

Coefficients and Odds Ratios for Food Insufficiency by Lower- and Higher-Risk Groups

6–11 Years12–16 Years
Lower Risk
(0–2 Risks)
Higher Risk
(≥3 Risks)
Lower Risk
(0–2 Risks)
Higher Risk
(≥3 Risks)
Coefficient*PValueCoefficient*PValueCoefficient*PValueCoefficient*P Value
Cognitive outcomes
 Block Design0.150.740.27.290.280.65−0.20.57
 Digit Span−0.560.25−0.05.790.400.40−0.50.08
Academic outcomes
 Reading−1.240.010.17.50−0.560.210.21.34
 Arithmetic−0.990.01−0.19.39−0.220.680.06.87
 Repeated grade (OR)2.120.071.41.052.060.131.14.63
 Days absent−0.110.861.12.201.180.410.02.99
OR*PValueOR*PValueOR*PValueOR*P Value
Psychosocial outcomes
 Seen psychologist1.820.262.08.032.830.011.73.18
 Ever suspended2.350.130.79.532.400.031.87.05
 Difficulty getting along with others1.080.761.35.092.660.011.37.25
 Fewer friends0.640.101.01.942.150.060.98.93
 Shyness1.100.670.85.181.300.351.05.85
  • * Coefficients and odds ratios are adjusted for age, gender, metropolitan region, poverty index ratio, race–ethnicity, family head education, and height.

  • Coefficients and odds ratios are also adjusted for Block Design score and Digit Span score.