Table 3.

Coefficients and Odds Ratios for Food Insufficiency: NHANES III, 1988–1994

6–11 Years12–16 Years
Coefficient
or OR*
P ValueCoefficient
or OR
P Value
Cognitive outcomes
 Block Design (C)0.34.12−0.04.91
 Digit Span (C)−0.06.77−0.14.57
Academic outcomes
 Reading (C)−0.13.48−0.01.96
 Arithmetic (C)−0.40.020.05.85
 Repeated grade (OR)1.44.021.34.26
 Days absent (C)0.48.460.04.98
Psychosocial outcomes
 Seen psychologist (OR)1.89.021.82.04
 Ever suspended (OR)0.99.981.95.00
 Difficulty getting along with others (OR)1.27.121.74.03
 Fewer friends (OR)0.86.331.27.21
 Shyness (OR)1.07.511.10.63
  • C, coefficient for linear regression analyses; OR, odds ratio for logistic or ordinal logistic regression analyses.

  • * Coefficients and odds ratios are adjusted for age, gender, metropolitan region, poverty index ratio, race–ethnicity, family head education, family head employment status, marital status, crowded housing, number of family moves, health insurance, regular source of health care, mother's age at child's birth, low birth weight, prenatal smoke exposure, birth complications, child care, height, blood lead concentration, and health status.

  • Coefficients and odds ratios are adjusted for age, gender, metropolitan region, PIR, race–ethnicity, family head education, family head employment status, marital status, crowded housing, number of family moves, health insurance, regular source of health care, child care, height, blood lead concentration, and health status.

  • Coefficients and odds ratios are also adjusted for Block Design score and Digit Span score.