Table 3.

Number (Percentage) of Families Reporting Cause of Asthma (n = 22)

CauseNumber (%)
Environment
 Air pollution9 (40.9%)
 Weather or climate6 (27.3%)
 Local environment6 (27.3%)
 Uranium exposure5 (22.7%)
 Wood smoke4 (18.2%)
 Other (water pollution, chemicals, contagion)3 (13.6%)
Individual
 Heredity or genetics13 (59%)
 Past lung infection or insult7 (31.8%)
 Premature birth or birth defect5 (22.7%)
 Diet4 (18.2%)
 Individual constitution4 (18.2%)
 Lack of physical activity4 (18.2%)
 Allergy or immune system3 (13.6%)
 Personality or psychology2 (9.1%)
 Medications2 (9.1%)
 Being overweight2 (9.1%)
 Not taking care of self1 (4.5%)
Traditional
 Traditional violation3 (13.6%)
 Loss of traditional lifestyle1 (4.5%)
  • * Mean number of causes reported per family: 3.8, range: 1–7.