Table 1.

Reported Symptoms of Asthma for Asthmatic Navajo Children (n = 29)

SymptomNumber (%)
Difficulty breathing19 (65.5%)
Wheeze19 (65.5%)
Lethargic or tiredness15 (51.7%)
Shortness of breath14 (48.3%)
Cough12 (41.4%)
Nocturnal symptoms10 (34.5%)
Cyanosis (by color of skin or lips)8 (27.6%)
Allergy symptoms (itchy eyes, eczema)7 (24.1%)
Chest pain5 (17.2%)
Chest tightness4 (13.8%)
Fever4 (13.8%)
Irritability or crying4 (13.8%)
Chest retractions4 (13.8%)
Loss of appetite3 (10.3%)
Flushed3 (10.3%)
Other lung sounds (crackling, rattling,
or gurgling)
3 (10.3%)
Seizures2 (6.9%)
Painful or irritated throat2 (6.9%)
Other (dry-mouth, lack of mucous or
spit; sweating)
2 (6.9%)