Table 3.

NICU Course

ParameterSNIPPV
(n = 34)
NCPAP
(n = 30)
P
Value
PPV days*30 ± 541 ± 7.21
Oxygen days*48 ± 859 ± 9.34
Sepsis [n (%)]8 (24)12 (40).19
Air leaks [n (%)]4 (12)7 (23).32
PDA [n (%)]7 (21)6 (20)1.0
PNS-B* (d)7 ± 311 ± 3.28
PNS-A* (d)14 ± 415 ± 4.82
IVH [n (%)]10 (29)9 (30)1.0
PVL [n (%)]0 (0)2 (7).22
GER [n(%)]13 (38)15 (50).49
NEC [n(%)]1 (3)3 (10).33
ROP ≥ stage II [n(%)]11 (32)17 (57).08
CLD [n(%)]12 (35)16 (53).21
LOS*(d)72 ± 876 ± 8.72
  • PPV indicates positive pressure ventilation; PDA, patent ductus arteriosus; PNS-B, postnatal steroid use before extubation; PNS-A, postnatal steroid use after extubation; IVH, intraventricular hemorrhage; PVI, periventricular leukomalacia; GER, gastroesophageal reflux; NEC, necrotizing enterocolitis; ROP, retinopathy of prematurity; CLD, chronic lung disease; LOS, length of stay.

  • * Mean ± standard error of the mean.