Table 1.

PSQ Items Used to Identify Children With Symptoms of SDB, PLMS, INS, and EDS

Symptom-ComplexQuestion Items Used to Identify
SDBWhile sleeping, does your child snore more than half the time?
+ Either:
2 or more EDS items positive (see below)
Have you ever seen your child stop breathing during the night?
PLMSWhile your child sleeps, have you seen repeated kicks or jerks of the legs at regular intervals (ie, about every 20–40 seconds)?
INSDoes your child have difficulty falling asleep at night?
Does your child wake up more than twice a night on average?
Does your child have trouble falling back asleep if he or she wakes up at night?
INS scored as present only if all 3 responses were positive.
EDSDoes your child wake up feeling unrefreshed in the morning?
Does your child have a problem with sleepiness during the day?
Has a teacher or other supervisor commented that your child appears sleepy during the day?
Is it hard to wake your child up in the morning?
EDS scored as present only if all 4 responses were positive.