Table 3.

Control Variables and Maternal and Child Outcomes, by Type of Victimization

Nonea
(N = 186)
Physical Onlyb
(N = 99)
Sexual Onlyc
(N = 30)
Bothd
(N = 104)
Mean (SD)§Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Control variables
Site (% Baltimore)* 53.240.466.744.2
Maternal education (y)11.4 (1.7)11.1 (1.6)11.4 (1.6)11.3 (1.9)
Child's age (mo)58.0 (10.4)60.0 (10.3)55.3 (9.8)59.3 (10.2)
Maternal outcomes
Harsh parenting** 5.4 (3.4)d 6.7 (3.2)5.8 (3.2)d 7.3 (4.3)ac
Depression3-165 10.7 (10.0)d 14.1 (10.6)d 12.1 (9.7)d 18.6 (13.0)abc
Child outcomes
Health1.6 (0.6)1.5 (0.6)1.5 (0.7)1.6 (0.7)
Externalizing3-165 10.5 (7.5)bd 14.2 (7.7)a 13.3 (8.5)15.4 (9.3)a
Internalizing3-165 4.5 (3.9)bcd 7.2 (6.5)a 7.0 (4.4)a 7.5 (6.3)a
Cognitive development88.6 (11.3)90.5 (12.0)90.0 (9.3)91.3 (9.8)
  • Means for maternal and child outcomes are adjusted for control variables

  • Low scores optimal, except for cognitive development

  • § Applies to all measures except site

  • * P < .05;

  • ** P < .01;

  • F3-165 P < .001.

    Note: Alphabetical superscripts indicate that the cell mean is significantly different from the mean in the superscript column; all differences were significant at the .05 level.