Table 2.

Control Variables and Maternal and Child Outcomes, by Timing of Victimization

None a
(N = 186)
Mean (SD)§
Child/Teen
Onlyb
(N = 58)
Mean (SD)
Adult Onlyc
(N = 65)
Mean (SD)
Bothd
(N = 110)
Mean (SD)
Control variables
Site (% Baltimore)53.243.149.244.5
Maternal education (y)11.4 (1.7)11.4 (2.0)11.3 (1.5)11.2 (1.7)
Child's age (mo)58.0 (10.4)59.8 (10.5)58.5 (10.4)58.9 (10.1)
Maternal outcomes
Harsh parenting2-165 5.5 (3.4)d 5.6 (3.1)d 6.6 (3.1)7.7 (4.1)ab
Depression2-165 10.7 (10.0)d 12.1 (10.3)d 13.9 (9.0)d 18.9 (13.2)abc
Child outcomes
Health1.6 (0.6)1.5 (0.7)1.6 (0.7)1.5 (0.6)
Externalizing2-165 10.5 (7.5)d 13.2 (6.9)d 13.3 (6.5)d 16.2 (10.0)abc
Internalizing2-165 4.5 (3.9)bd 7.4 (6.0)a 5.8 (4.2)d 8.4 (7.0)ac
Cognitive development88.6 (11.3)89.0 (10.3)90.1 (11.6)92.1 (10.3)
  • Means for maternal and child outcomes are adjusted for control variables

  • Low scores optimal, except for cognitive development

  • § Applies to all measures except site

  • * P < .05;

  • ** P < .01;

  • F2-165 P < .001.

    Note: Alphabetical superscripts indicate that the cell mean is significantly different from the mean in the superscript column; all differences were significant at the .05 level.