Table 1.

Patient Characteristics

VariableNonvaccinated (n = 682)BCG-Vaccinated (n = 92)P Value
Male (%)52.551.1.800
Season of birth (%)
 March to August45.246.7
 September to February54.853.3.775
Cord-blood IgE
 >0.9 kU/L (%)18.910.8.099
Nationality (%)
 German96.590.2
 Other3.59.8.011
Family history (%)
 Mother atopic35.235.9.906
 Father atopic28.634.8.219
Breastfeeding (%)
 0–4 wk22.022.0
 1–6 mo44.447.3
 >6 mo33.630.8.844
Median Fel d1 exposure (μg/g carpet dust, mean 6th/18th mo of life)6445.106
Median Der p1 + Der f1 (μg/g carpet dust, mean 6th/18th mo of life)255202.106
Siblings at birth (%)
 None52.946.3
 135.036.6
 ≥212.117.1.355
Infections during the first 2 y of life (%)
 Measles2.11.11.000
 Mumps0.3.01.000
 Rubella1.62.2.660
 Pertussis11.39.8.779
Vaccinations during the first 2 y of life (%)
 Diphtheria/tetanus85.584.8.983
 Measles64.565.2.895
 Mumps65.765.2.929
 Rubella64.765.2.917
 Pertussis28.432.6.409