Table 1.

Maternal Profile

(N = 40)
(N = 61)
P Value*
Age (y) (mean ± SD)26.5 (5.9)25.2 (6.9)NS
Gravida ≤3 (%)39.160.9NS
Parity ≤3 (%)42.757.3NS
Black (%)57.578.7.02
Single (%)52.568.9NS
No prenatal care (%)53.3NS
Smoking (%)27.828.3NS
Alcohol intake (%)16.211.7NS
Cocaine use (%)5.31.7NS
Opiate use (%)2.60NS
Cannabinoid (%)7.95.1NS
Cesarean section rate (%)5032.8NS
Meconium-stained amniotic fluid (%)5059NS
Poly/oligohydramnios (%)7.517.7NS
Abruptio placenta (%)50NS
Prolonged rupture of the membranes (%)1015NS
Group B streptococcal colonization (%)23.529.4NS
Hypertension (%)154.9NS
Diabetes (%)7.54.9NS
  • * Student t test or Pearson χ2 analysis.