Table 1.

Clinical Characteristics of the Study Groups

GroupGestation
(Weeks)
Birth
Weight (g)
Cord pHBase
Excess
5-Minute
Apgar (Range)
Control39.4 ± 1.73458 ± 4386.85 ± 0.25−19.8 ± 8.75 (2–7)
36.5–36°C39.3 ± 1.43356 ± 5686.98 ± 0.21−14.3 ± 7.25 (0–8)
35.9–35.5°C39.1 ± 1.13192 ± 4816.93 ± 0.11−15 ± 3.26 (4–8)
35 ± 0.5°C40 ± 0.93333 ± 4106.92 ± 0.19−19 ± 7.44 (2–7)
34.5 ± 0.5°C39.8 ± 0.83892 ± 6287.02 ± 0.13−14 ± 5.83 (0–6)
  • There were no significant differences between groups. Data are mean ± standard deviation or median (range).