Table 2.

Number and Percent Positive Meconium Drug Screen (EMIT) for Metabolites of Cocaine, Opiates, and THC by Center and Birth Weight Group (n = 8527)

CenterBirth WeightCocaineOpiatesTHC
No. (%)
Wayne State University 501–1500 g32 (18.2)7 (4.0)10 (5.7)
1501–2500 g151 (26.6)30 (5.3)82 (14.5)
>2500 g162 (10.0)55 (3.4)182 (11.2)
Total345 (14.6)92 (3.9)274 (11.6)
University of Tennessee 501–1500 g24 (15.3)3 (1.9)10 (6.4)
1501–2500 g81 (18.2)7 (1.6)45 (10.1)
>2500 g94 (8.5)17 (1.5)96 (8.6)
Total199 (11.7)27 (1.6)151 (8.8)
University of Miami 501–1500 g4 (4.8)2 (2.4)2 (2.4)
1501–2500 g33 (13.0)5 (2.0)9 (3.6)
>2500 g102 (6.0)21 (1.2)68 (4.0)
Total139 (6.8)28 (1.3)79 (3.9)
Brown University 501–1500 g7 (10.4)3 (4.5)6 (9.0)
1501–2500 g30 (12.0)18 (7.2)24 (9.6)
>2500 g89 (4.3)32 (1.5)82 (3.9)
Total126 (5.3)53 (2.2)112 (4.6)
Total 501–1500 g67 (13.9)15 (3.1)28 (5.8)
1501–2500 g295 (19.5)60 (4.0)160 (10.6)
>2500 g447 (6.9)125 (1.9)428 (6.6)
Total809 (9.5)200 (2.3)616 (7.2)